Aadheenam founded by Meenakshi and Sundareshwara
Madurai Temple is one of the most important, oldest temples of India with a tremendous archaeological and architectural value. The temple is a well known international tourist attraction and very important place for Hindu pilgrims. Next, to the Meenakshi temple, Madurai Aadheenam is located. Aadheenam directly translates to an ancient community, specifically an ancient community living around a temple. Madurai Aadheenam’s roots directly source from the personified super-consciousness that appeared on the human plane. It was founded by Lord Shiva, the Cosmic Father, and Devi Parvati, the Cosmic Mother, in their incarnations as Sundareshwara’and Meenakshi. It was only about 1500 years ago that the child incarnation, the son of the Lord, Thiru Jnanasambandar revived Madurai Aadheenam. From the time of Thiru Jnanasambandar the history of Madurai Aadheenam that is referred to as Thiru Jnanasambandar Aadheenam was recorded. The Aadheenam’s rare and sacred lineage of Masters has been careful, systematically carried over in an unbroken progression from ages. The chosen emissaries of Lord Shiva and Devi, the Maha Sannidhanams (pontiffs) of Madurai Aadheenam are the direct representatives of the cosmos. On 27 April 2012, His Divine Holiness Paramahamsa Nithyananda was anointed the successor and 293rd Pontiff of Madurai Aadheenam, by Sri La Sri Arunagirinatha Swamigal, the 292nd and current Pontiff of Madurai Aadheenam.
His Divine Holiness’ position as Junior Pontiff under Fire
Due to pressure of a power lobby, the government filed a case on 18 October 2012 against the 292nd Pontiff for mismanagement and questioned the appointment of Paramahamsa Nithyananda as junior pontiff of the aadheenam. They left His Divine Holiness out of the case, not giving Him a right to argue against, which is unheard in the legal field. After getting the interim injunction the Government stopped coming for the trial and for 6 long years they just dragged the case along without giving justice and thwarting every attempt by Paramahamsa Nithyananda to have His say in the case. On 19 October 2012, only one day after RH&CE filed the case, the 292nd Pontiff also succumbs to pressure of certain parties with vested interests and tries to revoke the appointment, which is illegal. Next in late 2017 a writ petition is filed to prevent His Divine holiness even to enter His place of worship, Madurai Aadheenam. In the end, after 7 long years, His Divine Holiness is at least allowed to argue in the case filed against Him.
Origin’s of Madurai Aadheenam
Thiru Jnanasambandar Tastes Devi’s Breast Milk
When Jnanasambandar was three years old, his parents took him to Lord Shiva’s temple at Sirkazhi. At the holy temple tank, Lord Shiva and his consort Parvati Devi – Sundareshwara and Meenakshi gave their darshan (divine vision) to Him. The Cosmic Mother Devi fed him with her enlightening milk. His father saw drops of milk on the child’s mouth and asked who had fed him, whereupon the boy pointed to the sky and responded with the song ‘Todudaya Seviyan’, emitting the very the first verses of the “Tevaram“.
Each Enlightened Master or Incarnation radiates the energy of enlightenment in their own unique expressions. Thiru Jnanasambandar, being a great Master, his bio-memory itself was never disconnected from the Cosmic Consciousness. That is why within 3 years he remembered his original state.
Jnanasambandar’s body was established in enlightenment. When he started feeling that the individual identity may start happening in him, he felt deeply disturbed. He wanted to remain in cosmic consciousness. He strongly cried out and expressed his suffocation, uncomfortable feeling towards the cosmos. The moment he expressed his suffocation, the cosmos has to respond, the cosmos has to appear, the cosmos expresses itself. That is why the Cosmic Mother, Prakriti, nature opened up herself to Thiru Jnanasambandar and poured her essence into him. Giving breast milk is a representation of this ultimate truth.
That is the story of the famous ‘enlightenment milk’ called as Jnanapaal. When cosmos poured her essence into Thiru Jnanasambandar, he became enlightened. Overflowing with gratitude in deep samadhi, extraordinary sacred sentiments started expressing itself.
There is no philosophy in Jnanansambandar’s expression. Devotion and Gratitude is the center philosophy of Madurai Aadheenam.
Evolution of Shaiva Siddhanta Philosophy
The philosophy of Saiva Siddhanta evolved after Thiru Jnanasambandar’s advent and took shape in the 13th century nearly 800 years after the revival, not even the establishment of Madurai Aadheenam. Saiva Siddhanta directly acknowledges the young son-incarnation, Thiru Jnanasambandar as the first and foremost apostle of the Saiva philosophy. So, all the philosophies whether it is Vedanta or Siddhanta evolved from Thiru Jnanasambandar, the founding reviver of Madurai Aadheenam. Thus, Madurai Aadheenam is founded purely on Vedic tradition.
The great literature beautifully authenticates the truth that from time immemorial Madurai Aadheenam exists.
Madurai Aadheenam belongs to Vedic Tradition. Vedanta and Siddhanta, Siddha tradition and all said and unsaid philosophies are branches of Madurai Aadheenam.
Source of Siddha Tradition, Meenakshi & 18 Siddhas – the official deity
Madurai Aadheenam directly being the one eternal source of all traditions is also the straight source of the Siddha Tradition. The Siddha tradition is the science of making extraordinary possibilities into reality. Adi Shakti, the Cosmic Mother Meenakshi who is herself the Purna Avatar, complete incarnation of Devi manifested extraordinary siddhis, the divine powers expressing her power of enlightenment for the benefit of humanity.
The grand Siddha tradition took birth from Meenakshi Devi. Siddha is a Master who doesn’t have a perishable identity, and because of it has eternal identity. His identity is made out of the material which is imperishable.
Being the forebearer of this life-giving lineage, Meenakshi Devi is a great Siddha, the Siddha of Siddhas. And so, She is the Istadevata – the sacred cherished divinity called as ‘vaalai’ (girl) for all the 18 Siddhas, such as Sri Patanjali Siddhar, Sri Agasthya Siddhar, to name a few.
The official deity of Madurai Aadheenam is Meenakshi with the 18 Siddhas.
The Pontiffs, Guru Maha Sannidhanams
Being a witness to the growth of human civilization on the planet, the Aadheenam’s rare and sacred lineage of Masters has been carefully, systematically carried over in an unbroken progression from ages. The chosen emissaries of Lord Shiva and Devi, the Maha Sannidhanams (pontiffs) of Madurai Aadheenam are the direct representatives of the cosmos.
The pontiff of the Madurai Aadheenam is known by the title ‘Guru Maha Sannidhanam’ and inherits great responsibility in carrying forward the traditions of Thiru Jnanasambandar’s sacred work. There is no tenure for this position and it is a lifetime honor